First Aid Kits come in all shapes and sizes. They come in bags, cases, and many other containers. A lot of companies have their hands in this industry supplying pre made first aid kits at a price. In a separate article I will discuss the diffenr pre-made kits that I recommend. In this article I will discuss building your own first aid kit, my personal preference. 


A Way to Stop bleeding and Close wounds:
Every good medical kit should have items that can be used to help stop bleeding, close and protect cuts, and help prevent infection from setting in.
Duct Tape – Yes, duct tape. It can be a life saver when dealing with a cut or wound where medical help may be too far away to quickly reach. Duct tape can quickly and safely pull together an open wound, and can buy you time until you can reach medical help.
Butterfly Sutures – Another great way to close up small wounds is to use something know as a butterfly suture. These types of adhesive strips pull the edges of a small cut together in the same way as a doctor’s sutures.

When using duct tape or butterfly sutures to close a wound. Carefully clean the wound and wash out any foreign materials or debris. If you have some sort of antiseptic, apply it to the wound and dry the area. Start in the middle of the wound and apply strips to close the edges. Working your way towards the edges, gently bringing the two sides together and taping them shut.

Ways to Prevent Infection:
,You need to stay on top of any open wounds to prevent possible infection. That means it’s important to carry the following items:
Adhesive wound dressings (Band Aids)

Antibiotic ointments and creams
Antiseptics and Disinfectants – Peroxide, Isopropyl Alcohol, PVP Iodine Ampules and Antiseptic wipes are all things that need to be in your kit.

Pain Management Items
Having a way to treat and manage pain, as well as decrease inflammation, is an important part of every first aid kit.
Aspirin, Tylenol or Ibuprofen
Chemical Ice Bags

Dealing with Allergies
Even if you don’t think you have allergies, there are certain things that can still cause an allergic reaction. In some cases, especially in people who have food allergies, allergens can cause life-threatening anaphylaxis reactions that need to be treated immediately.
Antihistamine – Benadryl, otherwise known by its generic name Diphenhydramine HCl, is one of the best antihistamines on the market and is something that should be part of everyone’s kit.
Antihistamine creams
EpiPen or Epinephrine – For those with a life-threatening allergy, having an EpiPen with you at all times is essential. They can help stop an anaphylaxis reaction and buy you time until medical help arrives.

Items Specific to Your Unique Medical Needs
No one kit is right for every person. That’s why special attention needs to be put into developing a kit for yourself and your loved ones. I advise staying away from prepackaged kits unless you’re using it as a foundation to build off of.
Make sure your kit is stocked with extra prescription medications if you have a medical condition that requires you to take medication.
OTC Meds – If you routinely take Over the Counter medications to treat conditions like arthritis, nausea, etc… make sure you have an ample supply in your kit.

Your Kit should also contain at least some of the following items:
1in. & 3in. Medical tape
Splints – SAM and air splints
Grooming and cleaning tools – Fingernail clippers, soap, Antiseptic wipes.
Disposable thermometers
Disposable gloves
Sterile eyewash & eye dressings
Burn creams and dressings
Medical manuals and basic first aid instructions.

Remember this is a basic first aid kit, see the article on building a truma kit for dealing with larger wounds. I also recommend reading the article on survival medical kits & what you need for the long haul. I also encourage you to read the articles on treating injuries and HIGHLY encourage you to get training from your local Red Cross or other organization as no ammount of book reading will make up for actual hands on training.