WHEN SECONDS COUNT, A WELL STOCKED TRUMA KIT & KNOWING HOW TO USE THE ITEMS WITHIN CAN BE THE DECIDING POINT BETWEEN LIFE OR DEATH
BUILDING A TRUMA KIT
In my many years as an Army Combat Medic & a Paramedic I have seen my fair share of truamatic injuries. Having the right equipment on hand and knowing how to use it can be the deciding factor in surviving. So let's talk about what you need in your truma Kit to give you the tools you need. ​MAKE SURE TO READ THE ARTICLES ON TREATING WOUNDS AND GET TRAINED ON USING THESE MEDICAL SUPPLIES. BOOK READING DOES NOT REPLACE HANDS ON TRAINING.

Personal Protective Equipment 
When someone gets hurt it can be very hectic. Blood & other body fluids can be flying around as you are working on the patient. Protecting yourself from blood borne pathogens is essential to your health. Make sure to have the following in your kit.
Heavy duty latex gloves -  If you have a latex allergy use latex free. I'd make sure to have several pairs in case they tear.
Face Mask -  A surgical masks can prevent blood from entering your mouth or nose. 
Eye protection -  A good clear set of eye protection will keep blood and other body fluids from splashing into your eyes. 

Truma Shears - These are perfect for cutting away clothing and other items to expose wounds. I always carry two pairs in my bag. 

3 inch tape & 1 inch tape - From securing dressings and bandages to stabilizing impaled objects good sturdy tape is a must. 

Means to Control Hemmorhage 
Every good truma kit should have items that can be used to quickly stop bleeding. Stopping the bleeding quickly is imperative when faced with a hemorrhage or wound. Failure to do so will result in death.
Tourniquet - a good tourniquet is one of the quickest ways to stop a massive hemorrhage. I prefer a CAT tourniquet personally. Also having supplies on hand to make a improvised tourniquets is paramount. When using a tourniquet make sure to go at least three fingers above the wound, if a joint is within the the three fingers go above the joint. Tighten the tourniquet until blood stops flowing. Make sure to read the article on controlling hemorrhage for more details.
Pressure Bandage - my preferred choice is the Israeli pressure bandage. When using a pressure bandage make sure that the pressure is applied on top of the wound so constant pressure is maintained.
Large Abdominal Bandage - These large bandages are good to have on hand in case of an Abdominal wound. Make sure to moisten any exposed internal organs with saline. 
Roll of Gauze - For deep wounds pack them with gauze and then put the pressure bandage over the packing. 
QuckClot Gauze - This is the perfect item for stopping a bleed in an area where you can't use a tourniquet or it's not working. I DO NOT recommend using the powder as it is very easy to become airborne and get in people's eyes and cause chemical burns.
Safey Pins - In a pinch large safety pins can be used to pull the edges of a wound together and hold them in place. Make sure if doing this to not be so close to the edge of the wound that they will tear through the skin and the wound separate. If doing this make sure to restrain your patient as its gonna hurt like hell. Remember Not the first choice but do what you have to do. 
Duct Tape – Yes, duct tape. It can be a life saver when dealing with a cut or wound where medical help may be too far away to quickly reach. Duct tape can quickly and safely pull together an open wound. Make sure to wipe away as much blood as you can as duct tape won't stick to bloody skin. 

Means to Restore Breathing
Being able to clear and restore an airway is critical to preserving life. Permanent damage will begin after 8 Minutes without oxygen. Having the right equipment on hand and knowing how to use it is a must for every truma kit
Nasal Pharengeyal Airway (NPA) -  Having diffrent size airways is important as all us humans are diffrent size and shapes. When picking an airway size it by placing the trumpet at the the nostril and measure to the earlobe. 
Oropharyngeal Airway (OPA) - Having diffrent size adult and pediatric OPAs can quickly allow you to open an airway on an unconscious patient. To size it measure from the corner of the mouth to the earlobe. 
Bag Valve Mask (BVM) - this will allow you to artificially breath for the patient by blowing air into their lungs. Make sure you have a viable airway before trying to use this. The mask come in newborn, child, and adult it is important to get a good seal with the mask. Watch out for things such as broken teeth, jewelry, and facial hair when trying to obtain a seal. 

Means to Treat Chest Wounds
An untreated chest wound, if not already, can quickly compromise the patients ability to breathe and things can rapidly deteriorate. Having the right supplies on hand and knowing how to use them can be the difference between life and death. 
Asherman Chest Seal - This will allow you to seal a chest wound and help to prevent a tension pneumothorax from occurring. When using this make sure to wipe off as much blood as you can so a good seal can be made.
Petroleum Gauze - This can be used as an occulisve dressing over a chest wound as well. Make sure the gauze you use is bigger then the wound you are covering.
14 Gauage Needle - ​ This is an important tool to have if you must treat a tension pneumothorax (collapsed lung). Failure to treat this injury will result in death. Make sure to check the catheter over a the needle before you insert it for tears or defects. 

Means to Splint Broken Bones
Being able to splint a broken bone is imperative especially if you must move the patient and to prevent additional truma and cause internal bleeding. Having the right equipment on hand and knowing how to use it and improvise if needed is important.
SAM splint - This little marvel rolls up nice and tight and can be quickly opened and turned into a stiff splint. Make sure to have a couple of these on hand. 
ACE Bandage - Having several of these and in diffrent sizes will allow you to splint most fractures when coupled with a SAM splint or other splinting material. Make sure to keep the little clips in a zip lock bag so you don't lose them.
Cravats - These are perfect to have to make ties for splints, padding for splints, and slings. Large bandannas will also work. Make sure to have several of these versatile cloths. 
Air Cast - These are handy to have and can be quickly inflated to make a splint. They can be a little bulky though.

Means to Treat Burns
Being able to treat burns is very crucial and early treatment can make a huge difference. Having the proper supplies on hand to treat burns is essential for your truma Kit as early treatment will help,the long term outcome. 
Gauze - Having plenty of gauze on hand to cover a burn with to keep it protected is important. Do NOT soak the gauze as it is possible to cause hypothermia in the patient. 
Silverdene - This is the catch all burn cream. Make sure to have it in your kit to put on burns. 

Means to Manage Pain 
Effective pain management is essential when treating truamatic injuries. Remember though that you need to be trained in giving medications for pain, especially anything that is prescribed by a doctor as an overdose can be fatal. I RECOMMEND SEEKING HIGHER MEDICAL CARE IN ANY TRUMA SITUATION IF AVAILABLE.
Asprin, Tylenol, Ibeprofuen etc - These medications can be given to help with pain management and to reduce inflammation. Make sure to follow directions on the package when giving these medications. 
Young Living PanAway Oil - This oil blend has been shown to alliviate some pain. If using it insure to not get the oil in the open wound. 
Prescription Pain Medication - First off I am not a Doctor & don't claim to have any authority to prescribe medications. In any truma situation I recommend seeking medical care. If you have access to prescription medication I would consult with your personal physician in regards to using it to treat an injury. Please feel free to read my informational article on pain management. 

Means to Prevent Infection
Cleaning a wound at the onset is key to preventing infection. Having these items on hand can help prevent s possible fatal infection. REMEMBER IF IT IS A MATTER OF STOPPING THE BLEEDING DO NOT WASTE TIME TRYING TO DISINFECT FIRST. STOP THE HEMMORHAGE!!
Alcohol wipes, iodine wipes and ampules, and peroxide - These all can be used to disinfect a wound before bandaging it. Make sure to find out about iodine allergy before using it.
Saline & 500 ml syringe - Having this on hand can be quickly used to flush dirt and debris out of a wound before bandaging it. Make sure to flush with the flow of gravity. Have a bottle or IV bag of Normal Saline water always. 
Antibiotics - First off I am not a Doctor & don't claim to have any authority to prescribe medications. In any truma situation I recommend seeking medical care. If you have access to prescription medication I would consult with your personal physician in regards to using it to treat an injury. Please feel free to read my informational article on antibiotics and there use. 

Make sure to have all these items in a bag that you can keep in your bugout bag or where they can be easily accessed. Make sure to organize them in your bag where you can get to them quickly and know where they are. I highly encourage you to read the articles on treating wounds and I highly recommend you get hands on training as no amount of book reading will equate to it. As for the numerical quality you should keep it would be dependent upon how big your bag is. If you would like a PDF copy of this list emailed to you fill out the contact form on the Contact Us  section. I hope this article has been informative and educational.